Lesson 7 Table 1

USING APOSTROPHES

table7a

 

 John‘s book  The book belongs to John.
 the brothers’ book  The book belongs to two or more brothers.
 the man‘s car  The car belongs to one man.
 the men‘s car  One car belongs to two or more men.
 the witness‘s (or witness’) book  The book belongs to one witness.
 the witness‘s (or witness’) books  One witness owns more than one book.
 the witnesses’ book  The book belongs to two or more witnesses.
 the witnesses’ books  Two or more witnesses each own more than one book.
 the witnesses are looking at a book  Two or more witnesses are looking at books they each own.
 the witnesses are looking at their books  Two or more witnesses are looking at one or more books they each own.
or

Two or more witnesses are looking at two or more books they all own together.
 someone‘s car  The car belongs to someone.
 something‘s help  The help belongs to something.
 something‘s open  Something is open.

Some examples of two words becoming one.

 I + am = Iam = I’m  I’m fine.
 it + is = itis = it’s  It’s fine.
 he + is = heis = he’s  He’s fine.
 she + is = sheis = she’s  She’s fine.
 we + are = weare = we’re  We’re fine.
 you + are = youare = you’re  You’re fine.
 they + are = theyare = they’re  They’re fine.
 that + is = thatis = that’s  That’s okay.
 I + will = Iwill = I’ll  I’ll pay the money.
 he + will = hewill = he’ll  He’ll pay the money.
 she + will = shewill = she’ll  She’ll pay the money.
 it + will = itwill = it’ll  It’ll pay the money.
 we + will = wewill = we’ll  We’ll pay the money.
 you + will = youwill = you’ll  You’ll pay the money.
 they + will = theywill = they’ll  They’ll pay the money.
 that + will = thatwill = that’ll  That’ll be fine.
 this + will = thiswill = this’ll  This’ll be fine.
 I + have = Ihave = I’ve  I’ve taken the money.
 he + has = hehas = he’s  He’s taken the money.
 she + has = shehas = she’s  She’s taken the money.
 we + have = wehave = we’ve  We’ve taken the money.
 you + have = youhave = you’ve  You’ve taken the money.
 they + have = theyhave = they’ve  They’ve taken the money.
 I + would = Iwould = I’d  I’d like to go.
 he + had = hehad = he’d  He’d like to go.
 she + had = shehad = she’d  She’d like to go.
 we + had = wehad = we’d  We’d like to go.
 you + had = youhad = you’d  You’d like to go.
 they + had = theyhad = they’d  They’d like to go.
 will + not = willnot = won’t  It won’t work.
 do + not = donot = don’t  They don’t work.
 does + not = doesnot = doesn’t  It doesn’t work.
 did + not = didnot = didn’t  She didn’t go.
 should + not = shouldnot = shouldn’t  She shouldn’t go.
 could + not = couldnot = couldn’t  They couldn’t go.
 would + not = wouldnot = wouldn’t  We wouldn’t go.
 can + not = cannot  You cannot go.
 cannot = can’t  We can’t go.
 are + not = arenot = aren’t  You aren’t starting.
 had + not = hadnot = hadn’t  They hadn’t started.
 have + not = havenot = haven’t  They haven’t started.

 

Ain’t is never correct.

 am + not = ain’t  I ain’t listening.
 is + not = ain’t  He ain’t listening.
 are + not = ain’t  They ain’t listening.